Translations and Useful Phrases

This is a small glossary of words and phrases commonly used in our classes. More extensive glossaries are widely available, including the excellent Stanford Jujitsu Club glossary and the scholarly Arlington Budoshin JuJitsu Dojo terminology reference.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Numbers

1
Ichi
2
Ni
3
San
4
Shi, yo, yon
5
Go
6
Roku
7
Shichi, nanae
8
Hachi
9
Ku
10
Ju
11
Ju-ichi
12
Ju-ni
13
Ju-san
14
Ju-shi
15
Ju-go
16
Ju-roku
17
Ju-shichi
18
Ju-hachi
19
Ju-ku
20
Ni-ju

A

Ashi
Leg.

B

Bo
Staff.
Bokken
Wooden practice sword, also known as bokuto.

C

Chudan
Middle.

D

Dachi
Stance.
Dan
Level of black belt, from first dan to tenth dan.
Dojo
School or training hall.
Domo arigatou gonzaimashita
Ritual phrase said at the end of each class. Humorously translated as "thank you very much (for beating me up)."

E

Empi
Elbow.
Empi-uchi
Elbow strike.

F

G

Gedan
Low.
Gi
Martial arts uniform.
Gatame
Arm bar.
Gyaku
Reverse (also opposite side/direction).

H

Hanshi
Senior expert; 'teacher of teachers.' A title bestowed on the most advanced practitioners.
Hai
Yes.
Hidari
Left.

I

J

Jodan
High.

K

Kano
Jigoro Kano, the founder of Judo, which he adapted from Ju-Jitsu.
Kata
Specific set of techniques.
Katana
Mid-sized Japanese sword.
Kiai
Literally, shout. Used in martial arts to startle and demoralize the opponent, prevent having one's wind knocked out during falls, and provide support while striking.
KOSTO
Five basic throws: Kubi nage, O goshi, ippon Seoinage, Tai otoshi, and O soto gari.
Kote
Forearm.
Kumite
Sparring.
Kyu
Rank of belt lower than Shodan, counting down to the black belts.

L

M

Mae-geri
Front snap kick.
Mawashi-geri
Roundhouse kick.
Men
Head.
Migi
Right (as opposed to left, rather than as opposed to wrong.)
Mokuso
Meditation.

N

Nage
Throw.

O

Obi
Belt.

P

Q

R

Randori
Free exercise
Rei
Bow.

S

Sankyu
Squatting.
Seiza
Literally, 'correct sitting.' A traditional, formal kneeling posture.
Sensei
Teacher.
Shihan
Chief instructor; not related to level of belt.
Shinai
Bamboo practice sword used for safe full contact strikes.
Shodan
First degree black belt.

T

Tachi
Standing.
Te
Hand.
Te-kubi
Wrist.
Tori
The person who does the technique.

U

Uke
The person who receives the technique.
Ukemi
Fall.

V

W

Wakizashi
Short sword.
Waza
Literally, technique. Also, a competition where a single person is attacked by one or more other people and must defend themself with a variety of techniques.

X

Y

Yoko
Side.

Z

Zenkutsu Dachi
Forward stance.


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Maintained by Scott

Last Modified - 30 Sep 2008